Wellness iNPractice Diabetes

The Importance of Blood Glucose Monitoring and A1C Testing

The efficacy of a patient’s diabetes management plan on glycemic control can be evaluated based on periodic A1C testing and data on daily blood glucose fluctuations collected by the patient through self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG). Patients can assess their individual response to anti-diabetes therapy with SMBG and determine whether they are achieving their glycemic targets. For SMBG to be effective, patients should know how to use their results to modify food intake, exercise routines, and adjust their medications to work towards their diabetes management goals.1

This presentation, “The Importance of Blood Glucose Monitoring and A1C Testing,” is designed to educate patients about how their blood glucose will be monitored over time, using SMBG as well as the A1C test. You can share this presentation—in either English or Spanish—with patients during clinic visits to engage them in this aspect of their diabetes management plan.

Topics covered in this presentation include the normal physiological role of blood glucose; causes, symptoms, and treatments for hypoglycemia and hyperglycemia; how and when to perform SMBG; how often the A1C test is performed; and glycemic targets for SMBG and A1C testing. Nurse Practitioners can also demonstrate the technique of SMBG during the visit.

You have the option to pause the presentation in several places to discuss with the patient when to perform SMBG, what their results are recommended to be, how often to get an A1C test, and what their A1C goals are. There are links within the presentation to other Wellness iNPractice Diabetes tools, including the Blood Sugar Diary and Head to Toe Health Tracker.